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Why the solar energy very important in Jordan?

 

 

  Jordan relies, almost completely, on imported oil from neighboring countries, which causes a financial burden on the national economy Domestic energy resources, including oil and gas, cover only 3–4% of the country’s energy needs. Jordan spends more than 7.5% of its national income on the purchase of energy.

  The annual energy bill has been rapidly increasing over the past few years due to high rates of population and economic growth combined with the consecutive increase in oil price. Consequently, there has been a growing concern about energy consumption and its adverse impact on the economy and environment, with special focus on the industrial sector, because its contribution accounted for about one third of final energy and electricity consumption.

 

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Electricity generation in Jordan has been mainly dependent on natural gas, imported from Egypt Over the past year, and due to repeated interruptions in natural gas supplies, Jordan has been forced to revert to diesel fuel and heavy fuel oil to compensate for gas shortages this resulted in losses of over JD 1030 million for the electricity sector. Therefore, the search for alternative energy sources has become an imminent issue in Jordan.

  Renewable energy sources are fundamentally different from fossil fuel or nuclear power plants because of their widespread occurrence and abundance. The primary advantage of many renewable energy sources are their lack of greenhouse gas and other emissions in comparison with fossil fuel combustion. Most of the renewable energy sources do not emit any additional carbon dioxide and do not introduce any risk such as nuclear waste.

Jordan is blessed with an abundance of solar energy, which is evident from the annual daily average solar irradiance on a horizontal surface ranges between 5-7 Kilowatts hour (kWh)/m2; one of the highest figures in the world.  Several studies on solar energy projects are being carried out on decentralized solar PV systems to provide energy services to remote and rural villages to providing electricity for lighting, water pumping and other social services. 

 

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 Also  The renewable energy sources solar energy especially  have the ability to supply several times the present Jordan energy demand, they can enhance energy markets, secure long-term sustainable energy supplies, create new employment opportunities, and offer possibilities for local manufacturing of equipment.

PV Projects in Jordan:

  • Shams Ma'an Power Generation PSC plans to construct the world's largest photovoltaic power plant in Ma'an, located in South of Jordan, of 100 MW, which has secured a 2 sq kilometer tract of land to build a photovoltaic (PV) solar energy plant, which will cost around $400 million that expanded to 200 megawatts.
  • 280 kWp low voltage system is now under construction. It will be installed at Royal Scientific Society, RSS, campus (Amman) and will occupy around 7000 m2 of land area. It is a grant funded by Japanese government.
  • 1 MWp system will installed at Muwaqar located to east of Amman, by Spanish government through a soft loan.
  • PV system of 2 MW peak project was signed recently between Ministry of Energy of Jordan and Spain cost around 7 M EURO (Soft loan).

The plane of Jordan’s government is to increase the renewable energy projects to cover 10% of energy consumption in 2020 .

 

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